NLP stands for Neuro Linguistic Programming.
Neuro: means your brain, nerves, rewiring
Linguistic: The way to program is with language. This can be verbal and non verbal language. But also imagination or visualization. The processing in your brains are the same whether you do something in real or in your mind. “Your brain, in fact your subconscious, doesn’t know the difference between what’s real or what’s fake”
Programming: change old patterns, rewiring old patterns and create new patterns.
There are many definitions of NLP. A good and clear definition is:
Neuro Linguistic Programming is the study of the structure of subjective experience of the human being and how to change this structure.
Of course all of our experiences are subjective. We never can experience the reality the way it enters our senses. Before we get aware of what we see, hear, feel, taste or smell the information has pass a lot of filters. Filters like our beliefs, our expectations. We delete most of the information that comes in. We would be overloaded (Like an MdDOS-attack) when our brains would be targeted by all there is without any filtering.
In NLP terms, every person creates his own ” MODEL OF THE WORLD“
In fact we experience THE REALITY as we have learned to experience THE REALITY. We create our own REALITY, that’s why we can also change our own REALITY.
A coach can do nothing more or less than guiding a client how to create a better REALITY. The coach cannot change the reality of the client. The coach provides tools and skills to the client. In this way the client learns how he is creating his reality and how he/she can improve it.
There are many websites where you can find tons of specified information about NLP.
A short History of NLP (Neuro-Linguistic Programming).
NLP started in the early 1970’s in Santa Cruz, California. Richard Bandler, a 20-year-old psychology student at U.C. Santa Cruz and Dr. John Grinder, in his late 20’s and professor of linguistics started to get interested why some therapist were more successful than others.
Richard Bandler who started out as a student of mathematics became more interested in the behavioural science field and switched his major subject.
Bandler modelled the methods of extremely successful therapists like Virgina Satir (1916-1988), an American family therapist and Fritz Perls, (1893–1970), who developed gestalt therapy, a form of psychotherapy.
Bandler and Grinder studied the principles that governed the language structure of gestalt therapy and the language pattern Satir was using.
They wanted to model the language techniques and skills used by successful therapist.
What is the difference that made the difference? What creates excellence?
Bandler and Grinder studied the work, writings and recordings of Perls and Satir. Removed what didn’t work and kept what did work. They extract the essence that made these two therapists so exceptional.
What did they do different that made the difference?
Bandler and Grinder published many books on NLP, the first two were The Structure of Magic, Vol I & II on NLP, about techniques used by Perls and Satir. Their third book, Frogs into Princes, is a transcript of a seminar.
After modeling the methods used by Perls and Satir, Bandler and Grinder started to model other great communicators. Like Gregory Bateson and Alfred Korzybski (1879-1950). They studied the work of hypnotherapist Milton Erickson (1901–1980) and the work of Noam Chomsky (1928-present), an American linguist and cognitive scientist.
Milton Erickson’s techniques captivated Bandler and Grinder. They incorporated Erickson’s manner of conversational hypnosis into the NLP. They implied communicating to the unconscious using “artfully vague” language and banished authoritarian suggestions. Erickson focus on building rapport and meeting the person in their model of the world removes resistance from the unconscious. Erickson’s techniques, called the “Milton Model” became a core part of NLP
As Bandler and Grinder developed their knowledge and insights, others started to contribute to NLP. NLP now includes the work of Robert Dilts and others. Also “Family systems” is introduced in Practitioner trainings.
NLP will keep on growing through research, sharing ideas and training.